Sakaru Pasaule - Žurnāls par
modernām komunikācijām


Atpakaļ Jaunais numurs Arhīvs Par mums Meklēšana



ANNOTATION 5452 zîmes


January 1, 2003 is a borderline, on the other side of which the liberalisation of telecommunication market in Latvia starts. Actually it is the data when the open competition in fixed line basic telecommunication services de iure begins. Is the Regulator, market and companies ready for it? This is the key theme of the present issue of Sakaru Pasaule.


In this issue:


· Liberalisation - a game with many x-es  (pages 32-35)


SP offers a discussion on the telecommunication market situation and future prospects in which well-known professionals of the industry take part. The main themes  are competition, obligations of the companies with significant position in  the market,  regulation strategy, universal services and universal service fund. A very significant role in all these processes is played by the Public Utilities Commission (PUC). Together with the Ministry of Transport it will elaborate rules and mechanisms  promoting competition as well as supervise the situation in uncommercial areas.  PUC  is also working out a unified tariff mechanism for public utilities.

Latvia could use Swedish or Estonian model of liberalisation where the leading role of  incumbent operators is preserved and at the same time the licensing strategy  is very liberal so that it creates a positive market situation for small and medium business development.

It is expected that some companies the core business of which is not connected with telecommunications will provide these services in Latvia. Among them are Latvenergo, Latvijas Dzelzceļš, Latvijas Gāze and some others.

However the most serious problem seems to be the so-called universal service fund.       Its strategic conception and source of financing  are not yet clearly defined. One of the most acceptable ways for Latvia could be payments of operators in this fund (a sum  proportional to their revenues). Subsidies from the fund  could be extremely significant for those operators (both incumbent ones and new entrants) which will provide services in uncommercial areas. It will be a  compensation for unprofitable business. 

Anyway it seems that the most serious players of the liberalised telecommunication market will be cleared out not earlier than by  the third quarter of 2003.



·Business days outline future prospects   (pages 64-65)


The annual (6th) Business Days organised by Lattelekom were dedicated to the market liberalisation themes as well as new service strategy of the company. One of the new tendencies is that some of the customers become business partners. Another one - Lattelekom starts to operate outside Latvia offering global Internet wholesale services in Lithuania and Estonia. It has its own points-of-presence in Tallinn and Vilnius and the optical network provides wide-band (10 Mbit/s and more) services also between the three countries.

Since January a new data service - symmetrical DSL - will be offered by the company. It will provide a similar (symmetric) wide-band data rate uplinks and downlinks. However the most valuable advantage of  Sh DSL will be the fact that the data rate will be stable, guaranteed and would not be lowered even if  the amount of users in the net will grow dramatically.



· I’m in the meeting, send an e-mail!          (page 72-73)    


Multimedia   messaging enables person-to-person communication to be richer and carry more emotional content. Applications and services that  support  users’ natural communication patterns and individual needs in a fun and efficient way will be the most popular and desirable. One of such applications, called Presence, will soon be offered by Nokia.  

Presence will not only enhance messaging but will introduce a service of its own.  It is a dynamic variable profile of the user which is visible to  others  and used to represent oneself, share information and control services. New presence-enabled services use presence information in dedicated application areas, such as real-time stock watch, gaming services, alternative advertising and information-sharing channel.  Subscribing to company presence information will give the users the ability to receive promotions and useful information directly into their phone.      



·Fixed services in mobile network      (pages 74-75)


It is a quite common situation when a fixed line operator needs radio frequencies to connect very distant subscriber lines to the core network, and  vice versa - GSM operators sometimes would like to offer the customers fixed line services via mobile network. Ericsson offers a  brilliant solution - Fixed Cellular Terminal (FCT) that solves the problem and may be used for different applications. GSM operators can now compete successfully with POTS and they do not have to worry about complicated cable routing  and  high installation  costs. GSM operators and their customers using FCT also will not have to pay additionally for network interconnection as routers establish connection within the same network. It is also extremely convenient for users as by connecting a FCT to the company’s PBX  and routing all internal calls to employees’ cellular phones through FCT, the company’s mobile calling costs will be reduced significantly. FCT can be used also for other specialised applications that provide new business: Bluetooth, security, telemetry, maritime, VPN, SoHo or residential gateway, payphone and others.




Merry Christmas

and a wonderful, active, communicative

New Year!












Design and programming by Anton Alexandrov - 2001